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Value Based Education – 1

July 21, 2010 by  
Filed under Featured, Value Based Education

 

Value based education – life – service and business

It is told by Ancient Indians that:

Aachaaryaath paadam aadatthe paadam sishya swamedhayaa
Paadam sa brahmachaaribhya: sesham kaalakramena cha
 
(you) get one quarter (of the knowledge) from the teacher, one quarter from yourself ( by self analyses) one quarter from others and the rest (one quarter) during the process of living.

The VALUES can be defined as the factors/merits derived for psychological, physiological benefits for individuals, benefits derived for strengthening family relation and social bondage and also the factors which lead to national integration and progress.

i.e The values are those factors which can give psychological and physiological benefits. The values are those factors which can improve the relations among family members and strengthen social bondage. And the values also contribute for patriotic vision and mission .

Many of the following are important factors of the value based life and in value based education :

*A smiling face *A polite way of conversation* Pleasant facial expression * Greeting others * Respecting elders and teachers * Presenting your ideas politely and strongly * Appreciating others’ contributions * Telling good about others * Ignoring the bad in others * Knowing our own limitations * Knowing the merits of others and utilizing them * Congratulating them for their achievements * Giving correct answers for the questions if you know the answer * * Receiving friends and guests with respect and affection * Presenting in a way they feel you care for them *Behaving to people according to their age and expectation..… * feeling proud of our motherland * doing our best to spread the message of this great nation*

Like these many factors, when put together make the values in our life.

We have to analyze them separately. For the analyses of values a guidance is given below. You may add/ delete/ modify/ correct/ ….. those points . Once you get familiarized with the factors, try to add more points of your own. Give training to students to write notes on all these points by adding more and analyzing them. A comparison to remember: Many people ask the question how to define and explain the ‘values’ in our life by comparing with something known. Shall I answer for that question ! For building a good house two major factors required are bricks and cement. Here, the bricks can be compared with the modern knowledge and the cement can be compared with the knowledge on values. The cement strengthens the grip between the bricks and make the building beautiful and strong. Just like bricks and cement are inevitable for the construction of a house, for ‘building a human being’ ( man or woman) both the modern knowledge and the value based knowledge should integrate, coexist and support each other. The integration envisaged here is between science and spirituality, physical comfort and mental comfort, the traditional and modern knowledge, the past and future, the experimentable knowledge and experienceable knowledge, the wealth and knowledge, enjoying ourselves and entertaining others, taking help and giving help, and so on so that one can try to become a jnaanayogi and a karma yogi leading a value based life.

Every type of knowledge cannot be made available for the students, from the teachers or from the books. It is told by ancient Indians that:
 
Aachaaryaath paadam aadatthe paadam sishya swamedhayaa
Paadam sa brahmachaaribhya: sesham kaalakramena cha
 
(you) get one quarter (of the knowledge) from the teacher, one quarter from yourself ( by self analyses) one quarter from others and the rest (one quarter) during the process of living. Hence, variety of methods are required for getting knowledge for a comfortable and happy living/life. 
 
For this vision Vedas tell us  ‘ Aano bhadraa: krathavo yantu viswatha:’
 
Let noble thoughts come (towards us) from all over the world" All these factors put together can be defined and explained as the values. They can be classified under five categories for the sake of easy understanding.
 
Values connected with 1. psychological benefits, 2. physiological benefits 3. family (bondage strengthening) benefits 4. social (bondage strengthening) benefits and 5. benefits connected with nation building ( national integration/ patriotism and nationalism)
 
At a glance the above five points can be memorized as follows ( you can put the whole idea in your own words also)
 
1. Psychologically beneficial values:
a. Using and teaching to use the ears positively
b. Using and teaching to use the eyes positively
c. Using and teaching to use the tongue positively
d. Using and teaching to use the mind positively
 
2. Physiologically beneficial values
a. Purity through scientific customs and rituals
b. Purity in the food and drinks
c. Purity in action and work
 
3. Values beneficial for family relations
a. Strengthening parental relations
b. Strengthening marital relations
c. strengthening family (members) relations
 
4. Values beneficial for social bondage
a. Serving the society
b. Educating people for filling with positives
c. Protecting our environment for the benefit of all living beings past and future, the experimentable knowledge and experienceable knowledge, the wealth and knowledge, enjoying ourselves and entertaining others, taking help and giving help,  and so on ….so that one can try to become a jnaanayogi and a karma yogi leading a value based life

3. Values beneficial for family relations

a. Strengthening parental relations

b. Strengthening marital relations

c. strengthening family (members) relations

4. Values beneficial for social bondage

a. Serving the society

b. Educating people for filling with positives

c. Protecting our environment for the benefit of all living beings

5. Values beneficial for the nation

a. Building patriotism through learning the heritage of India

b. Knowing the modern India and feeling proud of our motherland

Add to the above, as many points as possible and develop the theme . This will enrich the learning process on the values, because the value bits are unlimited . Depending upon the time, place of living, place of work, place of travel, ………etc different type of value bits will have to be incorporated to our life style and to existing knowledge

Source : Dr.N. GOPALAKRISHNAN, Ph.D., D. Litt Scientist, CSIR

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM 695 018 www.iish.org www.iishglobal.org

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